From window weights to wagon-wheel molding

City to create jobs, fill need for skilled labor

with new Restoration Trades School


COVINGTON, Ky. – Box gutters. Stained-glass windows. Transom windows. Decorative metal work. Slate-shingled roofs. Wagon-wheel porch molding. Spiral staircases. Star bolts. Imposing walls constructed of old-style brick like “antique warehouse reds.”

At 206 years old, Covington’s urban core and the houses in many of its neighborhoods are replete with eye-catching and exquisite architectural features that epitomize the “they don’t build them like that anymore” adage.

Unfortunately, the uniqueness and age of those historic features is accompanied by an equally familiar and frustrating reality: Not just anyone can tuckpoint, replicate detailed wood molding, and fill in a missing mirrored oak leaf patterned-tile in a copper penny tin ceiling.

So when those unique building features fall into disrepair and need to be fixed or replaced, tradespeople who have mastered the specialized skills needed to restore them in a historically sensitive manner are equally unique and often impossible to find.

But with challenge comes opportunity.

Recognizing the growing need for specialized construction skills amid the gradual extinction of what’s called “the lost arts” of historic preservation, the City of Covington and its partners are moving to create a solution that will also address the city’s stubborn challenge of under-employment.

What’s being proposed as the Covington Restoration Trades School could energize the local economy, “skill up” its workforce, and give The Cov a national reputation to match the richness of its veritable encyclopedia of architectural styles, said Christopher Myers, whose title of Regulatory Services Manager at the City includes oversight of historic preservation.

“If we’re successful, Covington could build a uniquely skilled workforce essentially from scratch, create hundreds of jobs for its residents, and assist property owners desperate for trained expertise rehabbing their historic homes,” Myers said. “With nearly half of our housing stock built before 1940 and an energized and established culture of rehab, we can make Covington a national mecca for restoration trades.”


Public engagement

Next Tuesday and Wednesday evening, on Oct. 12-13, the City will go public with its plans during two virtual meetings to which it is inviting both specific stakeholders and the general public.

Part progress report and part listening session, the events aim to gather input on how the program can best be formatted to meet the needs of contractors, historic property owners, and job-seekers. (Details are below.)

With an optimistic goal of the program starting near the end of May 2022, much remains to be solidified about its setup, format, and size. But the City has strong partners in the effort and funding to build the framework of the program.


The industry

Chief among those partners is the Building Industry Association of Northern Kentucky, non-profit advocacy and membership organization that promotes and advances the needs of the building industry.

The BIA’s Enzweiler Building Institute, in operation since 1967, remains the nation’s oldest continually operating association trades training program under the auspices of the National Association of Home Builders. It uses an apprentice-style format to develop skilled labor in trades like rough and finish carpentry, plumbing, masonry, electric, and welding.

This year, it has 155 adult evening students as well as 50 day-time students who attend through local high schools, said Vicki Berling, director of professional development at the association.

But one thing the Institute doesn’t do is teach restoration trades.

“You can build from the ground up, you can remodel, and you can restore,” Berling said. “With the latter, the skills, material, tools, and rules can be different than the other two ways. Given the astounding numbers of historical buildings in not only Covington but other parts of Northern Kentucky, there’s a huge need to create a robust workforce dedicated to restoration.”

The current plan is to base Covington’s Restoration Trades Program at the Enzweiler Building Institute’s large “laboratory” space in Erlanger, with the institute providing space, equipment, and oversight of the instructors.

The program will likely be workshop-based, rather than feature semester-long or year-long curriculum like at traditional schools, but it will still consist of trade-organization-recognized training and certifications.

“While this is all a work in progress, we have a good sense of what needs to be done and how to do it,” Berling said.



Students will not have to live in Covington to enroll, but classroom capacity and scholarships will prioritize Covington residents, especially women of color, people of color, veterans, and high school students.

Among the barriers that need to be addressed relate to transportation, child care, cost, and language, since at least some of the students might speak English as a second language. “We’re building the partnerships right now to help this program be accessible to a wide variety of folks – including single parents who are working full time,” Myers said.  

Enrollment numbers will depend on interest, the number of teachers, and the equipment available. The City wants to see as high of enrollment as possible while keeping the teacher-student ratio small for a highly engaged experience.



The City has hired two consultants to help move the program forward, primarily using two federally funded grants it received this summer through the Kentucky Heritage Council.

With a $23,162 grant and a City match, Covington has hired Preservation Resources Inc. of Hannibal, Mo., as the primary consultant to complete a variety of tasks:

  • Report on the broad needs of historic buildings and find properties that could be used as hands-on classroom projects, including a detailed report on the condition of a City-owned building at 1515 Madison Ave.
  • Identify (and train) skilled tradespeople as potential teachers.
  • Assess equipment available at the building association.
  • Write the final curriculum for the program.
  • Provide a draft of job descriptions for its administration.
  • And provide a report outlining marketing initiatives and sponsorship opportunities.

The company’s president is Bob Yapp, who is also founder of the Belvedere School for Hands-on Preservation in Hannibal.

Myers said Yapp is one of the nation’s leading experts on historic preservation who “lives and breathes the practical application of restoration trades,” has conducted hundreds of classroom seminars and workshops, and has helped set up numerous programs similar to what Covington is planning.

Likewise, with a separate grant for $15,241.80 and a City match, Covington has hired Donovan Rypkema and his Washington, D.C.-based firm, PlaceEconomics, to:

  • Conduct an economic analysis of the need for the program.
  • Compile case studies of successful restoration trades programs in other states.
  • And create a baseline of data to be used to gauge the success of the program at later dates, including data related to skilled labor availability, numbers of rehabilitation-related businesses, and numbers of rehab projects.

Donovan Rypkema literally wrote the textbooks on the economics of preservation," Myers said. “I studied them in college."

The Covington Board of Commissioners this summer gave approvals as necessary to apply for the grants, allocate the local matches, and sign the contracts.

“This is a Covington-specific program that taps one of our strengths – our historic commercial and housing stock – to create something that will directly benefit our residents and energize our workforce,” City Manager Ken Smith said. “This is something we’ve long needed, and after trying unsuccessfully to engage others in this initiative, now we have a strong set of partners who we believe can help us build this into something sustainable and special.”



The program has three general goals:

  • Grow Covington’s skilled workforce. Many Covington households are strained by under-employment, with almost half of those households earn at least $10,000 under what is considered a “living wage” in Kenton County.
  • Increase investment in historic properties by reducing costs. The demand is high for skilled tradespeople who can repair and maintain pedestrian-scaled details on houses in a sensitive manner, so the wait tends to be long and the cost high. Increasing the supply of tradespeople would reduce the wait time and costs, putting historic rehab more in the reach of people of all income levels.
  • Support new and expanding restoration businesses. Covington has a thriving entrepreneurship community, particularly as it relates to food-oriented small businesses. The Restoration Trades School similarly could establish Covington as a hub for restoration businesses, fostering entrepreneurship in the preservation repair sector.

“We hope people come through this and start their own business,” Economic Development Director Tom West said. “We have the entrepreneurial support system in place to help people turn their new skills into standalone businesses, if that’s what they want to do.”


A working lab?

West told the Commission in August that the program was looking at using a building owned by the City – the former Colonial Inn at 1515 Madison Ave. – as a “working laboratory.”

After years of complaints related to drugs and prostitution, the severely dilapidated complex was closed in 2015, and the City wound up with possession. Its primary building is a historic mansion built in the 1880s of Queen Anne design, featuring an asymmetrical plan with bay windows, a corner tower, and an original porch with milled decoration.

But the mansion has fallen into severe disrepair.

“If you name a trade, this building needs it,” West said. “So it could provide a controlled environment for rebuilding the porch, repairing wood floors, repairing plaster, fixing wood windows, etc. And that would enable us, over time, to start to stabilize and restore it for possible productive use.”

Similarly, Economic Development staff members are looking to create other “laboratories” in historic buildings and homes in other areas of the City, particularly in low-income areas. The City is exploring the use of outside sources of funding – such as federal funding – to make that happen, West said. 




City officials are practically gushing at the possibilities for the overall program and say it’s not only timely but also urgent.

“If we shape this correctly, we can build a skilled workforce pipeline for the future,” Myers said. “I was talking to one contractor who told me he could hire 20 masons and 20 carpenters today and have more than enough work for them. ‘I just can’t find enough people,’ the contractor said. We hope to fix that.”


About next week’s events

  • TIME: 6 p.m. to 7 p.m. Tuesday and 7 p.m.-8 p.m. Wednesday. People can “attend” either or both events and can sign in at any time.
  • INVITED: Potential partners, sponsors, instructors, students, contractors etc.
  • RSVP: Send an email to to get Zoom log-in information and to be added to a list for future mailings.


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